Quilting is the art of sewing two or more layers of fabric or batting, together to create a warmer, thicker material. A quilt typically consists of 3 layers: the top fabric, batting then the quilt backing. Quilting also incorporates embroidery, patchwork, appliqué and needlework. Each different kind of quilting has specific quilting supplies to work with. Some are essential, some can make your quilt more professional.
There are 3 different types of quilting: hand quilting, machine quilting and tying. Hand quilting is using a needle and thread to hand stitch and binds the layers together. Machine quilting is when a sewing machine or longarm machine is used to sew the layers together. Machine quilting is the most often form of quilting today. Tying the quilt edges together is also used to finish quilt edges. Tying is done most often when the quilt needs to be finished quickly.
1) Picking out your quilt pattern, fabric and batting. Acquire all quilting supplies needed (trimmers, clips, needles, etc).
2) Measuring and cutting fabric pieces according to your pattern.
3) Piecing your fabric blocks together, this is sewing the blocks together from edge to edge.
4) Layering the quilt backing, batting and top quilted piece.
5) Quilt through all layers.
6) Squaring up and trimming excess fabric and batting.
Piecing: Sewing small pieces of fabric, also known as quilt blocks, together to make the top quilted part of your quilt.
Sashing: Quilt blocks are separated by strips of fabric.
Binding: Long strips of fabric cut on the bias used to bind the edges of the quilt.
Quilting: Sewing through all layers of the quilt. This is typically a decorative stitch, but holds the layers together and allows air pockets to make the quilter warmer. Quilting usually starts in the middle and works out to the edges.
Quilting Patterns take the guesswork and measuring out of making your own quilting blocks. They typically come with diagrams and pattern blocks. You choose the fabric, follow the instructions, and you have an easier way to make a quilt block.
For tips on choosing the right quilt batting, visit the quilt batting buying guide.
For more information on quilt stencils, visit the quilt stencils buying guide.
Looking for project ideas? Check out various quilting projects at our Think Crafts Blog.